Daily Family Worship

Psalm 110: The Priest-King Psalm

by | Jun 17, 2024

psalm 110

The subject of this Psalm is the Priest-King. None of the kings of Israel ever successfully united these two offices. Although David performed some acts which appeared to verge upon the priestly, yet he was no priest; rather, he was from the tribe of Judah, “of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning the priesthood” – and he was far too devout a man to thrust himself into that office uncalled. The Priest-King here spoken of is David’s Lord – a mysterious personage typified by Melchizedek, and looked for by the Jews as the Messiah. He is none other than the Apostle and High Priest of our profession – Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews. The words of this Psalm are cited by Christ Himself in the Gospels, in order to confound the Pharisees; and He applies them to His own Kingdom and Priesthood. They speak gloriously of Him sitting at the right hand of the Majesty in the heavens, and as the One Who is both David’s Son and David’s Lord. Indeed, there is not a Psalm like it in the whole Book of Scripture; and it ought to be very dear to the Church, since it confirms that great article of faith which we confess in our Creed – namely, Christ’s sitting at the right hand of the Almighty Father. Here our Savior is declared to be both a King and a Priest, sitting at God’s right hand – not only as truly Man, but also as very God Himself. He is the Propitiator and the Mediator between God and men!

Perhaps nowhere else in the entirety of Scriptures is Christ so plainly and clearly declared to be our High Priest. Indeed, He is “a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek” (verse 4). He alone could and did abrogate the Aaronic and Levitical priesthood. He is and forever will be an eternal Propitiation and reconciliation for us. And this is most beautifully and most fully opened to our minds by the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, with the wonderful power of the Holy Spirit. So we see that this heavenly and golden Psalm has a blessed author (David) and a glorious Interpreter (Jesus). And all of the Lord’s people who are acquainted with the temptations of sin know how great and firm a consolation it is against all the violent attacks of the devil, to be able to see Christ as our High Priest. No wonder that Paul breaks forth into those great words, “If God be for us, who can be against us! Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died; yea, rather that is risen again; who is even at the right hand of God; who also maketh intercession for us!” (Rom. 8:31-34) It is of infinite benefit, therefore, to the universal Church of the Lord Jesus that the glorious things of this Psalm – the remission of sins and the reconciliation of God toward us, which are brought in unto us by the Priesthood of Christ, and which are infinite and eternal – are most carefully and most fully explained to us in the Epistle to the Hebrews, and that such glorious doctrines of the truth concerning the Priesthood of Christ are always accessible to us in the pages of the Scriptures!

Lord Jesus, we praise You as our Almighty Priest-King, Who governs and rules and blesses Your people, and Who stands as our Mediator before the heavenly throne of our Father! Amen.

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